terça-feira, abril 15

Leveson-Gower, Marquis of Stafford

George Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd. Marquis of Stafford, 1st Duke of Sutherland KG, PC (9 January 1758 – 19 July 1833), also Viscount Trentham and Earl Gower.

Son of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquis of Stafford (1721-1803) and his second wife Louisa Egerton, born 30 Apr 1723, (daughter of Scroop Egerton, 1st Duke of Bridgewater, and Rachel) who died 14 Mar 1761. Grandson of Sir John Leveson Gower, the 1st. Earl Gower who built the library at the family’s seat, Trentham Hall, Staffordshire.

Suc. as Marquess of Stafford in 1803, cr. Duke of Sutherland, in 1833 and Knight of the Garter, in 1806. Ambassador to Paris 1790-1792. Member of Parliament for Newcastle under Lyme 1779, 1784, and for Staffordshire 1787, 1799. Knight of the Garter 1806.

After the death of his uncle the 3rd. Duke of Bridgewater, inherited the profits of the Bridgewater Canal (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bridgewater_Canal).

Married 1823, Elizabeth Sutherland, Countess of Sutherland and Baroness of Strathnaver, born (1765-1839), only daughter of William Sutherland, 18th Earl of Sutherland and Mary Maxwell.

Arms: Gules a Cross Flory Sable (Gower); Azure three Laurel Leaves Or (Leveson). Griffiths & Weigalls sc.  3 St. James's Street, fecit.


The University of Toronto Libraries detain several armorial bindings which belonged to the Duke of Sutherland or to his son the 2nd. Duke, George Granville Leveson-Gower, bearing super libros with different arms, namely one with the bookplate arms but with an escutcheon of pretence - Gules three mullets within a double tressure flory counterflory (Earls of Suhterland) and others with the Gower crest - a wolf passant collared and chained - within the Garter.